These laws are part of the Highway Traffic Act (HTA). As a cyclist, you need to know:

  • Your bike is a vehicle. If you are riding it, you have rights and responsibilities on the road.
  • You have to stop at red lights.
  • You have to stop at stop signs.
  • You have to stop for pedestrians.
  • You have to ride in the same direction as traffic.
  • You can ride in any part of a lane. You do not have to move if you do not feel safe.
  • Stop for school busses when they indicate.
  • Stop 2 metres behind streetcar doors
  • You can’t ride on the highway
  • You need to ride on the road and avoid sidewalks. There are bike lanes on some streets, but they may be unsafe, so try to be aware while you are riding. If you feel unsafe, ride on the sidewalk.

All bikes must have..

You also need to make sure you have all of these things on your bike (or on you).
In Ontario, all bikes, by law, must have:

  • A bell or horn.
  • A front light and back light (or front and back reflector strips)
  • Proper brakes.

If you are under 18 years old, you have to wear a helmet.

If you need to buy any of these things, you can find them in a department storea large store that sells lot of different things, from clothing to games. An example of a Canadian department store is Zellers., at a bike shop, or an outdoor sports shop. Most malls have a major department store. You can find bike shops near you by searching Google Maps or checking this list of bike shops at You can also buy them at some outdoor sports shops, like Mountain Equipment Co-op.

What happens if I break these laws?

You will be fined. Each law has a different fineMoney you have to pay to the government when you break a law. if you break it.
To see how much you will be fined if you break a certain law, check this online list by the Ontario Ministry of Transportation.